This document describes the layout and basic engineering of the Calcium Looping
(CaL) demonstration plant to be built in Vernasca performed on base of the heat
and mass balances calculated with a process model as given in the deliverable
This document describes the design and detailed engineering of the demonstrator
system. The output is the detailed equipment list of items to be purchased together
with the technical specifications and drawings for items to be fabricated, including
In this deliverable, pilot plant configuration and heat and mass balances of the CaL
pilot plant to be built in the Vernasca plant are presented. Nine different cases have
been calculated to support the design of the demonstration plant.
In this deliverable, the most suitable gas measurement and solid sampling points and
port configurations will be defined. Technical drawings and instrumentation
specifications will be given with short explanation/notes of the reasons of the main
The document will define the risks related to the demonstration plant operations. A brief description of the risks will
be given and their management will be explained.
Experimental text matrix for short trials defined based on process simulations, first
unvalidated reactor models and lab pre-tests.
Description and preliminary results of the short trials carried out at the demonstration plant with considerations and
“guidelines” for the next trials
Description and results of the long trials carried out at the demonstration plant with considerations and “guidelines”
for the long run tests.
Description of the first two long run tests carried out at the demonstration plant, and analysis of the stable operating conditions and process performances achieved
Description of the last two long run tests carried out at the demonstration plant, and analysis of the stable operating conditions and process performances achieved
Results from all the tests carried out at Vernasca plant will be presented in terms of operational data (gas composition, temperatures, mass flows etc.) and deeply detailed.
Best practices and guidelines for the implementation of CaL technology with detail about fuel needs, O2 consumption, maintenance effort.
In this deliverable the solid samples taken from the CaL demonstration plant in Vernasca are displayed and the results of the subsequent analyses are shown.
In this report, an updated experimental text matrix for tests in the 120 kW USTUTT mini-pilot based on outcomes of the first experimental campaign and experimental test matrix for tests in the drop tube reactors at CSIC and TSIU is defined.
In this deliverable first results of the characterization of the raw meal used in the demonstration trials at BUZZI cement plant in Vernasca under relevant entrained flow conditions are presented: The focus of this report is on the achieved calcinati
This report will summarize the findings of the comparative characterization test with various raw meal qualities
obtained in the 120 kW test rig at USTUTT. This will also include a comparison to the demonstration tests in WP3.
This Deliverable includes the experimental results obtained in a drop tube furnace
(L=6.5 m, ID=0.08 m) and in a thermogravimetric set-up available at INCAR-CSIC to
determine the intrinsic calcination and carbonation kinetics for various raw meals
The work of 5.1.1 will be extended to several other promising raw meals to be used for the tests at the demonstration plant Mechanistic description of bellite formation, depending on aggregation levels of Ca and Si in the raw meals,will be included
In this deliverable, new models for the global pilot plant and for the coupled calciner
and carbonator reactors are presented and validated against previous simulations.
CFD simulations of the splash boxes for calciner and carbonator indicate that
The report describes the final 1D and 3D model frames for interconnected calciner and carbonator reactors. This includes decription of submodels and underlying model theories as well as sensitivity analyses of the reactor system operation.
The 1D and 3D simulation tools, which are developed in Task 5.2 are applied to simulate the demo scale units. The report describes the modelled flows and reactions.
The parameters of the earlier performed modelling studies are tuned based on experimental data from WP3. The deliverable reports the tuned parameters and submodels and the validated model results.
The fully developed and validated model frame is applied to simulate the full scale units. The deliverable reports the model results in selected process configurations and process conditions.
The purpose of this deliverable is to evaluate the energy – environmental performances of a full-scale cement plant integrated with the CaL Entrained Flow Reactors (EFR) system. The integrated CaL configuration is analyzed in details through a sens
Description and results of the CPU process optimized from a technical and economic point of view, and off-design performance assessment via sensitivity analysis.
The purpose of this deliverable is to provide a technical review of the equipment and machinery installed at the Demonstrator Plant and to provide a first study for a scale-up to a full-size Cement Plant.
Capital Cost estimate and cash-flow analysis of the preliminary full-scale commercial plant
Final economic assessment of cement plants equipped with CaL.
Lab tests were performed in order to: (a) specify the recommendations for a pilot design and (b) identify the most promising materials for CO2 capture. The respective mathematical models were implemented, developed and used for clarification and gene
The Task aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of CO2 capture in Estonian burnt oil shale through the mineralization system developed in the framework of WP7 based on recommendation supplied in the Deliverable 7.5.
In this task the burnt oil shale (BOS) ashes carbonated via the pilot mineralization system installed in Vernasca and operated using the CO2 enriched gas stream coming from the oxyfuel calciner have been used in concrete, demonstrating the possible u
Techno-economic assessment of the possible integration of the EF CaL process in the Colleferro cement plant. This plant was also selected by ECRA for the demonstration of the Oxyfuel process.
Business plans and economic analysis for commercial exploitation of CLEANKER technology in selected ITC-HCG and BUZZI plants
This deliverable is the first annual report to ECRA. The first part is dedicated to the
project description in terms of goals, scope of works, consortium etc. The second
part is dedicated to the work carried out during the first year.
This deliverable is the second annual report to ECRA. It focuses on the activities carried out during the second year of CLEANKER project and in particular on the design and engineering of the demonstrator.
This deliverable is the third annual report to ECRA. It focuses on the activities carried out during the second year of CLEANKER project and in particular on the design and engineering of the demonstrator.
Report delivering all technical information required by ECRA relevant to monitoring the project execution.